Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has designed India’s first tank without a pilot with three different variants including mine detection, surveillance as well as reconnaissance for areas that have bio- and nuclear dangers.

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has designed India’s first unmanned tank with three variants: surveillance mine detection, reconnaissance and surveillance in areas containing bio and nuclear threats. The tank is named Muntra (Mission unmanned and TRAcked) and was taken out of the Chennai laboratory.

In the report by the Times of India The Times of India, even though the tank was developed to be tested and used by the army by the Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment (CVRDE) in Avadi Paramilitary has also expressed interest in using it in Naxal-hit regions.

The tanks will assist Indian Armed Forces in carrying out non-manned security missions. Muntra-S was designed to conduct unmanned surveillance while Muntra-M is designed to detect mines. Muntra-N is expected to be used in regions where radiation from nuclear or bio weapon danger is very high, The Daily Bhaskar reported.

The tanks were tested and verified at the Mahajan shooting range, which is located in Rajasthan. The Muntra tanks are equipped with surveillance radars as well as an integrated camera with a laser range finder which is able to monitor ground targets around 15 kilometers away.

Two of the tanks were on display during an exhibition organized by DRDO in a tribute to the former the president APJ Abdul Kalam.

Apart from heavyweights, DRDO presented a variety of ideas, like a wall penetration radar, which when put on a wall will display on a screen the location of the people in an area.

DRDO chair S Christopher was quoted by Business Insider as as saying that the organization was working to install AWAC (Airborne Early Warning and Control Systems) on an aircraft model A330. The system has been refined to be used on small Embraer plane.

Table of Contents

Design

Muntra is a family-modified Soviet BMP-2 armored personnel vehicle designed to be used in Unmanned missions. These variants are currently unarmed. Three variants are in existence: Muntra-S for surveillance, Muntra-M for mine clearing and Muntra-N for mine clearing operating within chemically or nuclear-contaminated zones. It is autonomously navigated through GPS waypoints, which includes obstacle detection and escape

Variants

Muntra-B

It’s the command post of this particular MUNTRA vehicle series. It is manned by a two-man crew who command the MUNTRA vehicle series via the data link. 

MUNTRA-S

MUNTRA-S can be controlled tele-operated from MUNTRA B through a datalink, or via pre-set waypoints. It is capable of detecting a maximum distance that is fifteen Kilometres.

MUNTRA-M

The Muntra M is equipped by ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and Vapour Detection System (VDS) to detect IED’S and landmines. It also is able to mark the zone.

MUNTRA-N

The MUNTRA-N is designed to be used in the Nuclear and biologically contaminated areas to conduct surveillance and recon in the affected area.It can detect chemical warfare agents, nuclear radiations and biological agents like bacteria, viruses, spores and Bacteria etc. and is able to take specimens from affected region.

reference:

https://www.firstpost.com/india/drdo-develops-indias-first-unmanned-tank-muntra-rolls-it-out-of-chennai-lab-3870693.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muntra